Islet cells are found in the pancreas. They are composed of alpha and beta cells. The beta cells are those that make insulin and help us properly use glucose for energy. With Type 1 diabetes the beta cells no longer make insulin. There is a new experimental treatment in which healthy beta cells from a donor are transplanted to a patient with Type 1 diabetes. The hope is, in the future, a person with Type 1 diabetes will be able to make their own insulin and not rely on taking daily injections. At present transplants are available in Canada, United Kingdom and Australia. This is still in the experimental stages in the US because of concerns about its effectiveness as well as the possibility of rejection. In a recent study performed by The National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Disease, 43 participants who had highly unmanageable Type 1 diabetes received the transplant. One year later 43% of the participants still did not need to take insulin. The new transplanted islet cells are infused into the bloodstream where they find their new home in the liver instead of the pancreas which decreases the possibility of complications. At present the cells last 3 to 5 years and the recipient must take immune suppressing drugs just like any donor recipient. It does however open the possibility of a more carefree life for a person who must be at all times aware of their blood sugar levels. These transplants are getting more and more refined.
It’s a small fruit with its origin in Asia around 1059 A.D. This fruit can now be found internationally but does best in tropical climates. It is originally red until the sun turns the skin to a brown color with a leathery outer shell. Most of the inner fruit is taken up by a large seed which should not be eaten regardless of the fact that it resembles a nut. It is a white fruit similar in texture and taste to the inside of a grape and very sweet when ripe. If dried it resembles a large raisin and can also be consumed just as any other dried fruit. Very perishable, it can only be stored in a refrigerator for a few days. The fruit grows on trees that reach a height of 30 ft. At 5 ft. the tree will produce about 500 fruits at 20 ft it will produce as much as 5,000. Lychee provides a dose of vitamin C which is 40% higher than an orange. It is also a good source of copper and potassium for heart health. It is now being studied for its potential to prevent liver cancer. Many people enjoy combining them with pistachio ice cream.
In 1851 the standard for a normal body temperature was set at 37 degrees Celsius or 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Now it seems that we are getting cooler. Researchers verified this by studying three databases. 1) 23,710 veterans of the civil war from 1862-1930. 2) 15,301 national health records from 1971-1975. 3) 150,280 Stanford University records from 2007-2017. The results were that our body temperature seems to be decreasing 0.05 degrees Fahrenheit for each decade. Although more sophisticated equipment is now being used, the consistencies were constant within each time period. Scientists suggest that improvements in sanitation as well as dental and medical care may be reducing inflammation in the body causing this drop of temperature. This along with controlled heating and air conditioning may be lowering our metabolic rate. However, the normal temperature for an individual may be closer to 97.5.
P.D.S. is a form of chronic indigestion with an unpleasant feeling of fullness after eating. Symptoms are a feeling of pain and burning in the throat and stomach. In a study of 228 people who suffered from this malady, they received acupuncture for 20 minutes, three times a week for four weeks. They were all required to complete questionnaires about the amount of fullness, bloating and pain before treatments began. The results were published in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Of the participants, 83% showed some benefits and of those 28% showed complete elimination of distress. The results could be of great benefit to those who suffer from P.D.S. since the drugs used in treatment can have an intolerable effect.