The Brazil Nut tree is native to South America. It can reach heights of 150 feet and live as long as 500 years. The pollination of the tree depends on a special bee that feeds on a particular orchid which makes it difficult for the tree to bear fruit outside its natural habitat. Although it is rich in protein and carbohydrates, most of its calories are derived from fat. However, about 70% of that fat is mono and polyunsaturated. The nuts are one of the richest sources of selenium along with a rich supply of thiamin, vitamin E, magnesium, phosphorus and zinc. They have been and continue to be a major source of energy for the people of the Amazon region. Brazil nuts are extremely high in calories and the addition of 2 or 3 daily is enough to give a person a boost which would incorporate important vitamins and minerals in their daily diet. The rich oil from the Brazil nut is presently used as a massage oil, to prevent skin dryness, aromatherapy and in the cosmetic industry. Chop a few and add them to your oatmeal, salad or peanut butter and jelly sandwich.